If you’re afraid of work, you shouldn’t be a journalist!” This remark by ZDF journalist Britta Hilpert should prove to be extremely accurate for the participants of the additional training course “Journalism and Law” at the end of an intensive week.
A report by Hendrik Risthaus
In the week from 2 to 6 March, the ITM hosted the nationwide unique journalist training for lawyers for the twentieth time. Apart from exciting lectures of renowned advisers and advisers the block seminar made possible in practical exercises the 14 young participants from completely Germany to learn the journalistic tools of the trade.
After a short introduction by Prof. Dr. Thomas Hoeren, the rhetorical skills of those present were put to the test. Under time pressure they had to prepare and present 15-minute lectures on selected topics. The critical analysis by Prof. Hoeren, who is also a trained rhetoric trainer, showed, among other things, that Cicero’s speech structure still lends itself to structuring a lecture even today.
Dierk Schlosshan, lawyer and former speaker in the International Affairs Department at ZDF, then gave an overview of press law. In this context, the legal bases relevant for working people in the media were highlighted. In addition, current cases such as the Künast judgement, the Höcke judgement and the Ibiza video were examined in detail.
Prof. Dr. Joachim Jahn, member of the chief editorial staff of the NJW and former editor in the economics department of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, then gave an exciting insight into print journalism in daily newspapers and trade journals. Prof. Jahn focused on the right way of expression. He warned those present against formulations that are common for lawyers and often make it difficult for the reader to read. In order to deepen what they had learned, the group could try to revise a failed press release.
On Tuesday morning, Jan Bessling, Head of Marketing and Communication at Oppenhoff & Partner, gave the participants an insight into what work in the marketing department of a major law firm looks like. In practical exercises, he explained to the group what it takes to become an independent lawyer. In an editorial conference, the seminarists learned which current topics are suitable for drawing attention to their own practice through good press work. Those present were also able to practise writing a press release for a large law firm.
Andreas Janning, former WDR editor with a focus on law and justice, spoke about the professional opportunities for a lawyer in the media. First of all, he provided each participant with a concentration-enhancing portion of glucose and a poster of the “Sendung mit der Maus” (programme with the mouse), which probably triggered a fascination for journalism in the young years of one or the other inquisitive person. With fresh attention the group could then follow the examples of successful justice reporting on television. Mr. Janning further emphasized the importance of practical experience and encouraged everyone present to become a journalist as early as possible during their studies.
“Just say it, anyone can do complicated”, Karin Istel, freelance journalist and former editor, admonished the audience. She explained which style rules the young lawyers had to observe when writing a journalistic essay. In doing so, she pointed out a problem of lawyers: “They simply know too much! The legally knowledgeable author should not presuppose too much knowledge of the readers. She also warned against stylistically unattractive formulations, followed by lively discussions about “special privileges” and the correct use of “seemingly” and “seemingly”.
After Karin Völker, editor of the Westfälische Nachrichten in Münster, had introduced those present to the technique of court reporting, the next day the young lawyers went to the Münster courts. The deputy court spokesman of the regional court, Dr. Gregor Saremba, first introduced the job description of a court spokesman. The participants then visited various negotiations in order to write a court report on the subject. In addition to two proceedings at the Regional Court – a multi-million-dollar case for embezzlement and a case concerning a VW diesel engine – the report also covered trials from the Local Court: an insolvency trial; a criminal case in which a young man was carrying brass knuckles; and an administrative offence case for speeding. Afterwards, Karin Völker discussed the sometimes very different reportages in detail and came to the conclusion that sometimes an at first glance unspectacular trial can be an interesting court reportage.
On Thursday, Anke Zimmer-Helfrich and Ruth Schrödl, (chief) editors at the C.H.Beck publishing house, presented the job description of an editor and that of an editor. Afterwards it was up to the participants to design their own legal journal. In order to develop a contemporary journal, the young lawyers came up with some exciting ideas for the concept of data, ITI and telos.
Dr. Ina Holznagel, former senior public prosecutor and now head of department at the NRW Ministry of Justice, explained to the group the difficulties that the public prosecutor’s office has to overcome in its press work. After she had explained the legal bases, those present were allowed to try their hand at tricky press inquiries. The question of whether the nationality of suspects should be mentioned in public was then the subject of lively discussion among the seminarists.
A joint dinner at the Mocca d’Or enabled the group to discuss the experiences of the past days once again in a slightly different atmosphere.
On Friday, Rudolf Porsch, deputy director of the Axel Springer Academy, showed possible paths into journalism. In doing so, he made it clear to the participants that you have to put all your heart and soul into your job, not only in the BILD editorial office. In any case, a career in journalism is not attractive for the money: “Why should a job that is fun be well paid? However, Mr. Porsch made the profession of journalist appealing to the participants again through his many experiences and the captivating glimpses behind the scenes of the BILD newspaper.
At the end of the exciting week, Britta Hilpert, head of the ZDF foreign studio in Vienna, gave the participants an interesting insight into the professional life of a journalist on television. Using practical examples from TV, she showed how the law can help journalists, but also hinder them in their work. Whether at AfD rallies or when researching for the uncovering of fraud with EU subsidies in Slovakia – the law was omnipresent and for the journalist it was both a curse and a blessing.
The awarding of the certificates finally marked the end of a week that was both labour-intensive and extremely instructive for the young participants. The practical insights into the interface between journalism and law made the fear of journalistic work disappear and the participants went home encouraged with new impressions and full of zest for action.
The ITM would like to thank Dierk Schlosshan, Prof. Dr. Joachim Jahn, Jan Beßling, Andreas Janning, Karin Völker, Karin Istel, Dr. Gregor Saremba, Anke Zimmer-Helfrich, Ruth Schrödl, Dr. Ina Holznagel, Rudolf Porsch and Britta Hilpert.
On 13.01.2020, Zhang Kaiye and Johannes Kevekordes gave lectures on current topics relating to the GoAL project to students of the special subject area “Information, Telecommunications and Media Law”.
First of all, Zhang Kaiye, a doctoral student at the School of Law of Tsinghua University in China and guest researcher in the civil law department of ITM, presented a possible legal perspective on the copyright protection of works created by artificial intelligence to the participants of the Information Law lecture. In this context, he first dealt with a recent ruling of the Beijing Internet Court, in which the judges in the underlying case did not assume that a work infringes copyright because it was created by AI software. In particular, the distinction between the originality of a work and the quality of the work is crucial. A work created by AI can also be original, whereas the quality of a work presupposes that the work was created by a human being. Zhang Kaiye then discussed the guiding principles of the judgment, in particular the incentive function of copyright.
The lecture was followed by a lively discussion with the students about the purposes of copyright protection.
In the second lecture, Johannes Kevekordes, research assistant in the civil law department of ITM and doctoral student of Prof. Dr. Hoeren, dealt with the model of data ownership as a possible new approach to the allocation of data. He pointed out that data are non-rival objects of use, since a variety of uses are possible without interfering with each other. This property as a non-rival usage object excludes the construction of data ownership. Instead, the question arises as to whether the model of data ownership is more appropriate to the nature of data. In contrast to ownership, which represents the ideal type of absolute law, the link between ownership and the actual factual situation could mean less interference with the freedom of information. This link would at least make an application to data appear possible.
The ITM would like to thank the two speakers for the exciting insights they were able to provide on current issues of information law, and the nearly 100 listeners from academia and business for the lively discussion.
© Prof. Dr. Thomas Hoeren
*the name ITM is a protected trademark, registered at the German Patent and Trademark Office for Prof.Hoeren
Prof. Dr. Thomas Hoeren and
Prof. Dr. Bernd Holznagel
Summer semester 2020
organise a seminar in Bochum on the subject:
“Assessing Big Data – A look into the future around legal questions about Big Data and AI”
GOAL Summer School
The preliminary discussion and allocation of topics for the seminar will take place on
Tuesday, 7 January 2020 at 4 p.m. p.m.
in the workroom of the ITM (3rd floor, left) in Münster.
The seminar will take place as a block event in Bochum and will deal with topics related to Big Data and AI, which were researched by the project ABIDA (Assessing Big Data) carried out at ITM, such as
– Smart Home and voice assistants
– Big Data in social media and election campaigns
– Big Data and Scoring
– Autonomous driving
The individual seminar topics will be announced later.
Only participants in the preliminary discussion can be considered as participants for the seminar.
Information about the completed ABIDA project can be found at: https://www.abida.de/
Information on the new GOAL project of the ITM can be found at: https://goal-projekt.de/